Ministry Advisors in Afghanistan
Books on Afghanistan
There has been a continous effort to advise and assist the Afghan ministries ever since they were established in the early 2000s. This advisory effort has been hindered in part by the improper selection of ministry level advisors, inadequate training of these advisors, abbreviated deployment times of advisors (6 months in some cases), incompetent senior level officers of the MoI and MoD, an ineffective Afghan government, and massive corruption at all levels of the Afghan army and police. Efforts to reduce the corruption and increase the effectiveness of the MoI and MoD with tools such as commitment letters have thus far yielded less than satisfactory results.
Ministry Level Advisors Community of Interest
(CoI) on JCISFA Portal
Ministry of Defense Advisors Program (MoDA)
U.S. Army Security Assistance Training Management
Organization (USASATMO). The USA SATMO is located at Fort Bragg, NC and
conducts the Security Assistance Team Training Orientation Course
(SATTOC). The course info is available at
ISAF, Security Force Assistance Guide 2.0, January 2014. This guide, version 2, was published to assist SFA advisors deploying to Afghanistan - to include those advisors who will be working at the ministry level. The guide also has a number of Process Maps invaluable to ministry level advisors. Learn more about the Process Maps and the SFA Guide 2.0.
January 2016. DoDD 5205.82, Defense
Institution Building (DIB), Department of Defense Directive, January
27, 2016. Establishes policy, assigns responsibilities, and provides
direction regarding the planning, managment, and conduct of DIB by DoD;
and establishes the DIB Coordination Board.
February 2015. Building Partner Capacity: DoD
Should Improve its Reporting to Congress on Challenges to Expanding
Ministry of Defense Advisors Program, Government Accountability
Office (GAO). Posted on PKSOI website.
March 24, 2014. "Government in a Box", Small
Wars Journal. A former Senior Advisor to the First Duputy Minister of
Defense in Afghanistan provides recommendations on the ministry-level
January 2014. Security Force Assistance Guide
2.0, ISAF. This guide by ISAF contains information of value to
advisors who work at the ministerial level.
October 23, 2012. Performance Framework and
Better Management of Resources Needed for the Ministry of Defense Advisors
Program, Inspector General United States Department of Defense,
Report No. DODIG-2013-005.
May 2011. ISAF Afghan Ministry of Interior
Advisor Guide, Version 1.0. JCISFA.
March 14, 2011. Afghan Ministry of Defense and Afghan National Army General Staff Master Ministerial Development Plan, CY 2013/SY 1392, Revised December 28, 2012. NTM-A/CSTC-A.
March 2011. "Ministerial Advisors: Developing
Capacity for an Endurring Security Force", Prism 2, No. 2., pages
135-144 by LTG William Caldwell, Dr. James A. Schear, and Frank C.
October 2010. Ministerial-Level Advisor
Training Effectiveness Study: Phase I Initial Impressions October 2010.
(U//FOUO), Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance
June 2008. United States Plan for Sustaining
the Afghanistan National Security Forces, DoD report to Congress in
accordance with the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act (Section 1231,
Public Law 110-181).
Donnelly, Edward P., "New Rules for Advisers at
the Strategic and Institutional Levels", Small Wars Journal.
Eleven best practices identified for military advisors.
Chase, Michael B., "Our Own Worst Enemy",
Small Wars Journal, August 16, 2014. A former ministry-level advisor
to the MoD provides insight on advisor selection and "leverage" of money
to "help" Afghans accomplish MoD goals.
Armstrong, Nicholas J. "Afghanistan 2014-2024:
Advising for Sustainability", Small Wars Journal, May 4, 2012.
Armstrong, Nicholas J. A day Late and Many
Advisors Short: The Uncertain Future for Afghan Minsterial Development,
Security Sector Reform Resource Centre, December 17, 2012.
Friberg, John. "Learning From Our Mistakes in Selection and Training of Military Advisors", SOFREP. Two of the most important factors are personnel selection and pre-deployment training.
Lubold, Gordon. Training U.S. Advisors,
Building Afghan Ministries. United States Institute of Peace (USIP),
April 7, 2011.
Metrinko, Michael J. The American Military
Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World,
Peacekeeping & Stablity Operations Institute, Carlisle, PA: 8 August 2008.
Millen, Professor Raymond A.,
Professionalizing Ministerial Advising, United States Army War
College Press, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI),
June 3, 2015.
Afghan War News has
compiled a "Resolute Support Annotated Bibliography" for the use of ISAF
staff and SFA advisors participating in the NATO mission in Afghanistan.
It is an Adobe Acrobat PDF, almost 200 pages long, and less than 3 MBs
big. Easy to read online or download and it is available at the link
November 18, 2014. "Future Resolute Support Members Train in Bydgoszcz". NATO. New release provides information about the training for RS personnel at the Joint Forces Training Center in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
April 18, 2011. "Pentagon program has U.S. civilians advising Afghan ministries to improve cooperation, security". The Washington Post. Ministry of Defense Advisors (MoDA) is explained.
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